Tag - Mortagage

What is the Mortgage Underwriting Process?

Lenders will not approve a mortgage without first conducting their own due diligence. A mortgage underwriter reviews, confirms and analyzes every loan application to minimize risk to the lender. Some mortgage applications get approved almost immediately while others may face denials and suspensions that can prolong the approval process for weeks or even months.

Generally speaking, larger mortgage companies can accept a higher level of risk than smaller companies. The underwriting process begins as soon as a completed application is submitted to the lender. The underwriter will review the application for clerical errors, inconsistencies and risk factors. They will contact an applicant’s employer, confirm credit reports, research assets or liabilities, and make sure that the application falls under the company’s approval guidelines. 

After completing the process, which usually takes a week, the underwriter will decide as to whether the application will be approved, suspended or denied. If the application is approved, the borrower is able to meet any additional conditions and move ahead with the closing process. There are eight common issues that may affect the underwriting process. These include:

  • Income Discrepancies: Borrowers may be tempted to pad their income information to secure an approval. Underwriters compare tax returns, W2s, bank statements and other documents to assess a borrower’s true income.
  • Tax Documents: Tax documents must back up other financial information for a loan to be approved. 
  • Missing Information: Underwriters need a complete set of information before they can review the information. Missing signatures or documents will prolong the process.
  • Employment Issues: Employment stability is essential for the mortgage approval process. Underwriters want to see a long term commitment to make sure a borrower can repay a loan. 
  • Credit Issues: A credit history of late payments, too many lines of credit and high balances will hurt your chances of getting a loan approved.
  • Funding Issues: Underwriters must see evidence that there are available funds for the down payment, closing costs and cash reserves. They also need to know the source of the funds, how long the funds were available and where they originated. 
  • Appraisals:  A low appraisal value can change the entire agreement so price reconciliation with buyers and sellers is fundamental.
  • Letters of Explanation: If there are outstanding or unusual circumstances, complex asset arrangements or other unexpected concerns, a letter of explanation can go a long way in helping underwriters understand a borrower’s personal situation.

If you understand the most common issues mortgage underwriters face, you can take steps to avoid any pitfalls. Superior Mortgage Company is dedicated to consistently expanding our knowledge of the mortgage industry by keeping abreast of every change, revision or new regulatory provision because we know that an informed client is the best client. Whether you are purchasing, refinancing or in need of a home equity loan, we can help you. Contact the company that can answer all your questions. Call us at 845-883-8200.  

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Tips to Getting the Best Mortgage

Lenders and brokers are able to offer different prices for the same loans to different consumers, even if those consumers have the same loan qualifications. The most likely reason is that loan officers and brokers are sometimes permitted to keep some or all of the difference as extra compensation. The difference between the lowest available price for a loan product and a higher price the borrower agrees to pay is called an overage. When overages occur, they are built into the prices quoted to consumers. They occur in both fixed and variable-rate loans and can be in the form of points, fees or the interest rate. Whether quoted to you by a loan officer or a broker, the price of any loan may contain overages.

Always ask the lender or broker to write down all the costs associated with a loan and once you are informed, ask if the lender or broker will waive or reduce one or more of its fees or agree to a lower rate or fewer points. There’s no harm in asking lenders or brokers if they can give you better terms than the original ones they quoted. Once you are satisfied with the terms you have negotiated, get a written lock-in from the lender or broker. The lock-in should include the rate that you have agreed upon, the period the lock-in lasts and the number of points to be paid. Lock-ins can protect you from rate increases while your loan is being processed. However, if the rate falls, you may wind up with a higher rate.

When buying a home or commercial property, remember to shop around, compare costs and terms, and negotiate for the best deal. Remember that ‘Fair Lending’ is required by law. The Equal Credit Opportunity Act prohibits lenders from discriminating against credit applicants in any aspect of a credit transaction on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, marital status and age. The Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination in residential real estate transactions on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status or national origin.

Under these laws, a consumer cannot be refused a loan based on any of these characteristics, be charged more for a loan or offered less favorable terms for the loan.

Don’t assume that credit problems or difficulties stemming from unique circumstances, such as illness or a temporary loss of income, will limit your loan choices. If your credit report contains accurate but negative information, but there are good reasons for trusting you to repay a loan, explain your situation to the lender or broker. If your credit problems cannot be explained, you will probably have to pay more than borrowers who have good credit histories. Don’t assume that the only way to get credit is to pay a high price. Ask how your past credit history affects the price of your loan and what you should do to get a better price. Always review your credit report for accuracy before applying for a loan.

At Superior Mortgage Company, Inc., we specialize in residential and commercial loans and provide the best products and services available.  Whether you are purchasing, refinancing or need a home equity loan, and even if you have credit problems, we can help. Contact us at 845-883-8200.

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